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Facts About Lithuania | Lithuania Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Lithuania - Category: Introduction - Background: Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795, when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

Category: Government - Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania; conventional short form: Lithuania; local long form: Lietuvos Respublika; local short form: Lietuva; former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

Category: People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 14.5% (male 264,668/female 250,997); 15-64 years: 69.5% (male 1,214,236/female 1,263,198); 65 years and over: 16% (male 197,498/female 374,608) (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Labor force: 1.601 million (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Total renewable water resources (cu km): 24.5 cu km (2005)

Category: Transportation - Airports - with paved runways: total: 30; over 3,047 m: 3; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 7; 914 to 1,523 m: 2; under 914 m: 17 (2007)

Category: Communications - Internet country code: .lt

Category: Military - Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 25,907; female: 24,735 (2008 estimate)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border with a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; the Latvian parliament has not ratified its 1998 maritime boundary treaty with Lithuania, primarily due to concerns over potential hydrocarbons; as of January 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary with Belarus was complete and mapped with final ratification documents in preparation

Other random facts about Lithuania 

  1. Economy - Natural gas - consumption (cu m): 3.44 billion cu m (2007 estimate)

  2. People - Median age (years): total: 39 years; male: 36.4 years; female: 41.6 years (2008 estimate)

  3. Government - National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 was the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook